Who Is to Blame for Nigeria’s Declining Educational Standards?


When it comes to the expression “falling standard of education,” there are no well-defined instruments that can accurately and reliably quantify it. Scholars’ views on the topic differ because of this. It is viewed from a variety of views by these scholars, depending on the angle they’re taking.

Nigerian university graduates have been admitted to universities in wealthy nations by Babalola, A (2006). Ibadan, Ile Ife, Lagos, Benin and Nsukka were among the first six Nigerian universities to have their products compete favourably with any other university in the globe because their products were sought for admission into postgraduate programmes at Harvard, Cambridge and Oxford. That these kids achieve record-breaking results and are hired by the world’s greatest multi-national corporations and corporations when they graduate, unlike today where no Nigerian university is among the world’s top 6,000 universities (Adeniyi, Bello (2008) in Why no anxiety about rankings). He sees a standard in the way colleges contribute to the advancement of knowledge and the resolution of global issues.

The University of Ibadan is ranked 6,340th in the world by Gateway to the Nation (2010). Ibadan University is Africa’s 57th best school, OAU 69th, and South African universities are the continent’s best.

A University of London study in West Africa found that instructors trained by colonial masters performed better than those trained by indigenous teachers when using written and spoken English as a benchmark.
Aside from these criteria, he employed standards such as the number of teachers and students on a given day.

To Dike, V. (2003), education’s contribution to public health is exemplified by its high standards (or sociopolitical and economic development of a Nation).

Standards for external tests like WAEC and NECO, NABTEB and JAMB (now UTME) among others that determine whether students pass or fail.

Teaching standards are judged in terms of student outcomes, according to Teachers Without Boarders (2006). That’s how school leavers contribute to society in terms of cognitive, emotional, and psychomotor development. ‘ Students and pupils will be interchangeable, as will principal and headmaster, and I’ll use head teacher interchangeably.

In order to determine if the educational standard is rising or declining, you must analyse all of the aforementioned factors, as well as whether or not students are meeting their educational objectives.

It is also necessary to consider reliability when assessing these standards in order to ensure that they are applied equally to all schools, regardless of their differences in infrastructure, teaching materials, teacher quality, student level and degree, learning environment, assessment methods, or other types of societal contributions.


Let me remind you of some of the well-documented data that point to a deteriorating educational standard in Nigeria, because we’ve just talked about what goes into setting educational standards.

When it’s done well, discipline is one of the most impressive aspects of school.

For example, if a student doesn’t understand a concept, he or she will be promoted to the following class regardless of whether or not they understand it.

As a general rule, a candidate must attend at least 75% of the sessions in order to sit for an examination.

A student who is late for class will no longer be penalised, resulting in the loss of their morning classes.

Parental influence has resulted in a decrease in the punishment of students for misbehaving (lost of jobs or unnecessary transfer).

ceremonies, generally by oath, tying the members to a common path. They act secretly to achieve their goals at the expense of other people’s well-being. As a result, it is necessary to prioritise secondary needs over fundamental ones.

Overcrowding in schools, a lack of merit-based admittance, and the fear of exam failure have led to the rise of these cults.

Nigerians place greater importance on paper qualifications than they do on their ability to perform in the fields. As a result, tests in the areas of cognition, emotion, and movement should be conducted outside of the laboratory.

“Who you know” and not “what you can deliver” have replaced “what you have to offer.” The technocrats (educationists are not appointed Commissioner of education and education board).

In some cases, government policies on education can have a negative impact on educational outcomes. National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) competes with JAMB for admission in College of Education, as the two guidelines differ.

Additionally, in order to gain admission to tertiary education institutions, candidates must pass examinations such as the WAEC, NECO, NABTEB, and JAMB (formerly known as the UTME).

Not having teachers on the examination boards. One has to ask if the teacher-submitted continuous assessment is being used.